Mobile QR Code QR CODE : The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
Title Analysis on a mechanical DC circuit breaker depending on the presence or absence of a superconducting element using the PSCAD/EMTDC
Authors 박상용(Sang-Yong Park) ; 최효상(Hyo-Sang Choi)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5370/KIEE.2021.70.7.1051
Page pp.1051-1055
ISSN 1975-8359
Keywords Superconducting element; LC divergence oscillation; DC circuit breaker; PSCAD/EMTDC
Abstract With the announcement of a policy to reduce carbon emissions, the range and technologies of renewable energy sources are increasing. In new renewable energy, the amount and range of solar power generation is relatively gradually expanding[1]. Based on the high-speed DC circuit breaker used in the solar power generation, we combined the LC divergence oscillation circuit and the superconducting element that this research team is working on. This is to protect peripheral equipment against an increase in solar power generation and unspecified disturbances. The DC circuit breaker, we propose is a mechanical DC circuit breaker with a superconducting element applied. The superconducting element can lower the initial fault current within about 2 ms through the quenching operation. However, it takes a large power burden and a long time to cut-off the fault current. In the mechanical DC cut-off part, the existing high-speed mechanical circuit breaker, LC divergent oscillation circuit and Surge Arrestor are connected in parallel to safely and reliably cut off fault current. The characteristics of the cut-off operation that appear when a superconducting element and an LC divergent oscillation circuit are combined with a conventional mechanical DC circuit breaker were analyzed. As a result, through the application of the superconducting element, the speed at which the artificial zero-point of the fault current occurs was reduced, and the time to complete the shutdown was shortened.